Health and Safety

Kenya

Compulsory Vaccinations
Yellow fever certificate required if aged over 1 year and entering this country from an infected area or country at risk.

Recommended Immunisations
Diphtheria, Tetanus, Poliomyelitis, Influenza A (H1N1), Typhoid, Hepatitis A, Yellow Fever.

NOTE: Meningococcal Meningitis, Hepatitis B, Rabies, Tuberculosis & Cholera are also recommended IN ADDITION to any immunisation(s) already listed above for those travelling to this country frequently or intending to spend extended time here.

Risks
Malaria exists all year throughout the country. There is normally little risk in Nairobi and in the highlands (above 2,500 metres) of Central, Eastern, Rift Valley, Nyanza and Western Provinces. Rabies.

Safety
Kenya is considered to be generally safe, but extra care should be taken in Nairobi.

 

Tanzania

Compulsory Vaccinations
Yellow fever certificate required if aged over 1 year and entering this country from an infected area or country at risk.

Recommended Immunisations
Tetanus, Hepatitis A, Influenza A (H1N1), Typhoid, Yellow Fever.

Risks
Malaria: Precautions are essential all year round in all areas of the country below 1800m.

Safety
Tanzania is considered to be generally safe, but extra care should be taken in Stone Town in Zanzibar and in Dar Es Salaam. In the past there have been reports of muggings in game reserves.  Although the government has stepped up security, it is better to be careful and to stay in close vicinity to other vehicles during your visit. Driving at night in Tanzania is not recommended.

 

Botswana

Compulsory Vaccinations
Yellow Fever certificate required if aged over 1 year and entering this country from an infected area or country at risk.

Recommended Immunisations
Tetanus, Hepatitis A, Influenza A (H1N1), Typhoid.

Risks
Malaria: Precautions are essential. The risk is mainly from the malignant form and exists all year but more so from Nov-Jun in northern parts of Botswana including the regions along the Zimbabwean border, the Zambezi river and all the Game Parks to the north of the Kalahari desert.

Safety
Botswana is a very safe destination with a low crime rate. The people of Botswana are generally very friendly. Hitchhiking is commonly practised and it is quite safe to do so.  The greatest dangers are out in the wild and visitors should adhere to the rules when visiting parks. Never get out of your vehicle unless absolutely safe to do so and never confront wild animals.

 

South Africa

Compulsory Vaccinations
Yellow fever certificate if arriving within 6 days after leaving or transiting countries with endemic or infected areas.  

Recommended Immunisations
Diphtheria, Tetanus, Hepatitis A, Influenza A (H1N1).  In addition, the following recommendation(s) may also apply to those travelling frequently or intending to spend extended time in this country: Tuberculosis, Hepatitis B, Rabies, Cholera, Typhoid. 

Risks
Malaria exists throughout the year in the low altitude areas of the Mpumalanga Province (including the Kruger National Park), Northern Province and north eastern Kwazulu-Natal as far south as the Tugela river. Risk is highest from Oct-May.  Rabies.

Safety
Despite South Africa's terribly high crime rate, most visitors to South Africa come and go without incident.  Crime is probably the most serious problem facing the country, but it is highly concentrated in the poor African and coloured townships, and in Johannesburg. Precaution rather than paranoia is the way to remain safe.  The greatest danger to your personal safety is probably on the roads, where South Africans mix drinking and driving to an atrocious extent.  The following advice may be of use:

  • Dress down, and try not to look like a tourist.
  • Don't wear jewellery, fashion sunglasses or expensive watches.
  • Know where your valuables are.
  • Carry your bag under your arm.
  • Don't let groups of strangers get too close to you.
  • Lock all car doors at all times in the city.
  • Take the bare minimum of accessories to the beach.
  • Keep your passports, plane tickets, jewellery of value and large sums of money in safe custody.